By Kristen Tegtmeier Oertel
In Bleeding Borders, Kristen Tegtmeier Oertel bargains a clean, multifaceted interpretation of the necessary sectional clash in pre--Civil struggle Kansas. rather than concentrating on the white, male politicians and settlers who vied for regulate of the Kansas territorial legislature, Oertel explores the the most important roles local american citizens, African americans, and white girls performed within the literal and rhetorical conflict among proslavery and antislavery settlers within the quarter. She brings cognizance to the neighborhood debates and the varied peoples who participated in them in the course of that contentious period.
Oertel starts by way of detailing the payment of japanese Kansas through emigrant Indian tribes and explores their interplay with the growing to be variety of white settlers within the sector. She analyzes the makes an attempt by way of southerners to plant slavery in Kansas and the eventually profitable resistance of slaves and abolitionists. Oertel then considers how crude frontier dwelling stipulations, Indian clash, political upheaval, and sectional violence reshaped conventional Victorian gender roles in Kansas and explores women's participation within the political and actual conflicts among proslavery and antislavery settlers.
Oertel is going directly to learn northern and southern definitions of "true manhood" and the way competing principles of masculinity infused political and sectional tensions. She concludes with an research of miscegenation -- not just how racial blending among Indians, slaves, and whites motivated occasions in territorial Kansas, yet extra importantly, how the terror of miscegenation fueled either proslavery and antislavery arguments in regards to the want for civil war.
As Oertel demonstrates, the gamers in Bleeding Kansas used guns except their Sharpes rifles and Bowie knives to salary battle over the extension of slavery: they attacked every one other's cultural values and struggled to claim their very own political wills. They jealously guarded beliefs of manhood, womanhood, and whiteness while the presence of Indians and blacks and the talk over slavery raised critical questions about the efficacy of those rules. Oertel argues that, finally, many local americans, blacks, and ladies formed the political and cultural terrain in ways in which ensured the destruction of slavery, yet they, in addition to their white male opposite numbers, didn't defeat the resilient energy of white supremacy.
Moving past a traditional political heritage of Bleeding Kansas, Bleeding Borders breaks new floor by way of revealing how the struggles of this hugely varied area contributed to the nationwide flow towards disunion and the way the ideologies that ruled race and gender family members have been challenged as North, South, and West converged at the border among slavery and freedom.
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Extra resources for Bleeding Borders: Race, Gender, and Violence in Pre-Civil War Kansas (Conflicting Worlds: New Dimensions of the American Civil War)
Bleeding Borders: Race, Gender, and Violence in Pre-Civil War Kansas (Conflicting Worlds: New Dimensions of the American Civil War) by Kristen Tegtmeier Oertel